Walking into the complex plane to 'order' better time integrators

8 Oct 2021  ·  Jithin D. George, Samuel Y. Jung, Niall M. Mangan ·

Most numerical methods for time integration use real time steps. Complex time steps provide an additional degree of freedom, as we can select the magnitude of the step in both the real and imaginary directions... By time stepping along specific paths in the complex plane, integrators can gain higher orders of accuracy and achieve expanded stability regions. Complex time stepping also allows us to break the Runge-Kutta order barrier, enabling 5th order accuracy using only five function evaluations. We show how to derive these paths for explicit and implicit methods, discuss computational costs and storage benefits, and demonstrate clear advantages for complex-valued systems like the Schrodinger equation. read more

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Numerical Analysis Numerical Analysis Complex Variables