Optimal time Quadcopter Descent Trajectories Avoiding the Vortex Ring and Autorotation States

19 Sep 2019  ·  Talaeizadeh Amin, Antunes Duarte, Pishkenari Hossein Nejat, Alasty Aria ·

It is wellknown that helicopters descending fast may enter the so called VRS, a region in the velocity space where the blade's lift differs significantly from regular regions. This may lead to instability and therefore this region is avoided, typically by increasing the horizontal speed... This paper researches this phenomenon in the context of small scale quadcopters. The region corresponding to the VRS is identified by combining first principles modeling and wind tunnel experiments. Moreover, we propose that the so called WBS or autorotation region should also be avoided for quadcopters, which is not necessarily the case for helicopters. A model is proposed for the velocity constraints that the quadcopter must meet to avoid these regions. Then, the problem of designing optimal time descend trajectories that avoid the VRS and WBS regions is tackled. Finally, the optimal trajectories are implemented on a quadcopter. The flight tests show that by following the designed trajectories, the quadcopter is able to descend considerably faster than purely vertical trajectories that also avoid the VRS and WBS. read more

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Dynamical Systems Optimization and Control