On $\ell_p$-Support Vector Machines and Multidimensional Kernels

28 Nov 2017  ·  Blanco Víctor, Puerto Justo, Rodríguez-Chía Antonio M. ·

In this paper, we extend the methodology developed for Support Vector Machines (SVM) using $\ell_2$-norm ($\ell_2$-SVM) to the more general case of $\ell_p$-norms with $p\ge 1$ ($\ell_p$-SVM). The resulting primal and dual problems are formulated as mathematical programming problems; namely, in the primal case, as a second order cone optimization problem and in the dual case, as a polynomial optimization problem involving homogeneous polynomials... Scalability of the primal problem is obtained via general transformations based on the expansion of functionals in Schauder spaces. The concept of Kernel function, widely applied in $\ell_2$-SVM, is extended to the more general case by defining a new operator called multidimensional Kernel. This object gives rise to reformulations of dual problems, in a transformed space of the original data, which are solved by a moment-sdp based approach. The results of some computational experiments on real-world datasets are presented showing rather good behavior in terms of standard indicators such a \textit{accuracy index} and its ability to classify new data. read more

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Optimization and Control