Fast computation of Gauss quadrature nodes and weights on the whole real line

20 Oct 2014  ·  Alex Townsend, Thomas Trogdon, Sheehan Olver ·

A fast and accurate algorithm for the computation of Gauss-Hermite and generalized Gauss-Hermite quadrature nodes and weights is presented. The algorithm is based on Newton's method with carefully selected initial guesses for the nodes and a fast evaluation scheme for the associated orthogonal polynomial... In the Gauss-Hermite case the initial guesses and evaluation scheme rely on explicit asymptotic formulas. For generalized Gauss-Hermite, the initial guesses are furnished by sampling a certain equilibrium measure and the associated polynomial evaluated via a Riemann-Hilbert reformulation. In both cases the $n$-point quadrature rule is computed in $\mathcal{O}(n)$ operations to an accuracy that is close to machine precision. For sufficiently large $n$, some of the quadrature weights have a value less than the smallest positive normalized floating-point number in double precision and we exploit this fact to achieve a complexity as low as $\mathcal{O}(\sqrt{n})$. read more

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