Congruences for Ap\'ery numbers $\beta_{n}=\sum_{k=0}^{n}\binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}$

21 Jun 2020 Cao Hui-Qin Matiyasevich Yuri Sun Zhi-Wei

In this paper we establish some congruences involving the Ap\'ery numbers $\beta_{n}=\sum_{k=0}^{n}\binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}$ $(n=0,1,2,\ldots)$. For example, we show that $$\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}(11k^2+13k+4)\beta_k\equiv0\pmod{2n^2}$$ for any positive integer $n$, and $$\sum_{k=0}^{p-1}(11k^2+13k+4)\beta_k\equiv 4p^2+4p^7B_{p-5}\pmod{p^8}$$ for any prime $p>3$, where $B_{p-5}$ is the $(p-5)$th Bernoulli number... (read more)

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  • NUMBER THEORY