Transformations of Moment Functionals

27 Jul 2020  ·  di Dio Philipp J. ·

In measure theory several results are known how measure spaces are transformed into each other. But since moment functionals are represented by a measure we investigate in this study the effects and implications of these measure transformations to moment funcationals... We gain characterizations of moments functionals. Among other things we show that for a compact and path connected set $K\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ there exists a measurable function $g:K\to [0,1]$ such that any linear functional $L:\mathbb{R}[x_1,\dots,x_n]\to\mathbb{R}$ is a $K$-moment functional if and only if it has a continuous extension to some $\overline{L}:\mathbb{R}[x_1,\dots,x_n]+\mathbb{R}[g]\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $\tilde{L}:\mathbb{R}[t]\to\mathbb{R}$ defined by $\tilde{L}(t^d) := \overline{L}(g^d)$ for all $d\in\mathbb{N}_0$ is a $[0,1]$-moment functional (Hausdorff moment problem). Additionally, there exists a continuous function $f:[0,1]\to K$ independent on $L$ such that the representing measure $\tilde{\mu}$ of $\tilde{L}$ provides the representing measure $\tilde{\mu}\circ f^{-1}$ of $L$. We also show that every moment functional $L:\mathcal{V}\to\mathbb{R}$ is represented by $\lambda\circ f^{-1}$ for some measurable function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^n$ where $\lambda$ is the Lebesgue on $[0,1]$. read more

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Functional Analysis