The Toucher-Isolator Game on Trees

28 Jan 2020  ·  Raty Eero ·

Consider the following Maker-Breaker type game played by Toucher and Isolator on the edges of a graph $G$ with first move given to Toucher. The aim of Isolator is to maximise the number of vertices which are not incident to any edges claimed by Toucher, and the aim of Toucher is to minimise this number... Let $u\left(G\right)$ be the number of isolated vertices when both players play optimally. Dowden, Kang, Mikala\v{c}ki and Stojakovi\'{c} proved that $\left\lceil \frac{n+2}{8}\right\rceil \le u\left(T\right)\leq\left\lfloor \frac{n-1}{2}\right\rfloor $, where $T$ is a tree with $n$ vertices. The author also proved that $u\left(P_{n}\right)=\left\lfloor \frac{n+3}{5}\right\rfloor$ for all $n\geq3$, where $P_{n}$ is a path with $n$ vertices. The aim of this paper is to improve the lower bound to $u\left(T\right)\geq\left\lfloor \frac{n+3}{5}\right\rfloor$, which is sharp. Our result may be viewed as saying that paths are the 'best' for Isolator among trees with a given number of vertices. read more

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Combinatorics