The principal Erdős--Gallai differences of a degree sequence

15 Jul 2021  ·  Michael D. Barrus ·

The Erd\H{o}s--Gallai criteria for recognizing degree sequences of simple graphs involve a system of inequalities. Given a fixed degree sequence, we consider the list of differences of the two sides of these inequalities... These differences have appeared in varying contexts, including characterizations of the split and threshold graphs, and we survey their uses here. Then, enlarging upon properties of these graph families, we show that both the last term and the maximum term of the principal Erd\H{o}s--Gallai differences of a degree sequence are preserved under graph complementation and are monotonic under the majorization order and Rao's order on degree sequences. read more

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Combinatorics 05C07 (Primary) 05C50, 05C75 (Secondary)