Taut foliations from double-diamond replacements

11 Dec 2019  ·  Delman Charles, Roberts Rachel ·

A 3-manifold is foliar if it supports a codimension-one co-oriented taut foliation. Suppose $M$ is an oriented 3-manifold with connected boundary a torus, and suppose $M$ contains a properly embedded, compact, oriented, surface $R$ with a single boundary component that is Thurston norm minimizing in $H_2(M, \partial M)$... We define a readily recognizable type of sutured manifold decomposition, which for notational reasons we call double-diamond taut, and show that if $R$ admits a double-diamond taut sutured manifold decomposition, then every boundary slope except one is strongly realized by a co-oriented taut foliation; that is, the foliation intersects $\partial M$ transversely in a foliation by curves of that slope. In the case that $M$ is the complement of a knot $\kappa$ in $S^3$, the exceptional filling is the meridional one, and hence $\kappa$ is persistently foliar, by which we mean that every non-trivial slope is strongly realized; hence, restricting attention to rational slopes, every manifold obtained by non-trivial Dehn surgery along $\kappa$ is foliar. In particular, if $R$ is a Murasugi sum of surfaces $R_1$ and $R_2$, where $R_2$ is an unknotted band with an even number $2m\ge 4$ of half-twists, then $\kappa= \partial R$ is persistently foliar. read more

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Geometric Topology