Spectral parameter power series for arbitrary order linear differential equations

18 Dec 2017  ·  Kravchenko Vladislav V., Porter R. Michael, Torba Sergii M. ·

Let $L$ be the $n$-th order linear differential operator $Ly = \phi_0y^{(n)} + \phi_1y^{(n-1)} + \cdots + \phi_ny$ with variable coefficients. A representation is given for $n$ linearly independent solutions of $Ly=\lambda r y$ as power series in $\lambda$, generalizing the SPPS (spectral parameter power series) solution which has been previously developed for $n=2$... The coefficient functions in these series are obtained by recursively iterating a simple integration process, begining with a solution system for $\lambda=0$. It is shown how to obtain such an initializing system working upwards from equations of lower order. The values of the successive derivatives of the power series solutions at the basepoint of integration are given, which provides a technique for numerical solution of $n$-th order initial value problems and spectral problems. read more

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Classical Analysis and ODEs Numerical Analysis