Short Presburger arithmetic is hard

20 Oct 2017  ·  Nguyen Danny, Pak Igor ·

We study the computational complexity of short sentences in Presburger arithmetic (Short-PA). Here by "short" we mean sentences with a bounded number of variables, quantifiers, inequalities and Boolean operations; the input consists only of the integer coefficients involved in the linear inequalities... We prove that satisfiability of Short-PA sentences with $m+2$ alternating quantifiers is $\Sigma_{P}^m$-complete or $\Pi_{P}^m$-complete, when the first quantifier is $\exists$ or $\forall$, respectively. Counting versions and restricted systems are also analyzed. Further application are given to hardness of two natural problems in Integer Optimizations. read more

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Combinatorics Computational Complexity Logic in Computer Science Logic