Sequential sampling of junction trees for decomposable graphs

2 Jun 2018  ·  Jimmy Olsson, Tetyana Pavlenko, Felix L. Rios ·

The junction-tree representation provides an attractive structural property for organizing a decomposable graph. In this study, we present two novel stochastic algorithms, which we call the junction-tree expander and junction-tree collapser for sequential sampling of junction trees for decomposable graphs. We show that recursive application of the junction-tree expander, expanding incrementally the underlying graph with one vertex at a time, has full support on the space of junction trees with any given number of underlying vertices. On the other hand, the junction-tree collapser provides a complementary operation for removing vertices in the underlying decomposable graph of a junction tree, while maintaining the junction tree property. A direct application of our suggested algorithms is demonstrated in a sequential-Monte-Carlo setting designed for sampling from distributions on spaces of decomposable graphs. Numerical studies illustrate the utility of the proposed algorithms for combinatorial computations on decomposable graphs and junction trees. All the methods proposed in the paper are implemented in the Python library trilearn.

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Statistics Theory Discrete Mathematics Combinatorics Statistics Theory