Scaling features of two special Markov chains involving total disasters

11 Jan 2021  ·  Branda Goncalves, Thierry Huillet ·

Catastrophe Markov chain population models have received a lot of attention in the recent past. We herewith consider two special cases of such models involving total disasters, both in discrete and in continuous-time... Depending on the parameters range, the two models can show up a recurrence/transience transition and, in the critical case, a positive/null recurrence transition. The collapse transition probabilities are chosen in such a way that the models are exactly solvable and, in case of positive recurrence, intimately related to the extended Sibuya and Pareto-Zipf distributions whose divisibility and self-decomposability properties are shown relevant. The study includes: existence and shape of the invariant measure, time-reversal, return time to the origin, contact probability at the origin, extinction probability, height and length of the excursions, a renewal approach to the fraction of time spent in the catastrophic state, scale function, first time to collapse and first-passage times, divisibility properties. read more

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Probability Statistical Mechanics