Proper Orientation Number of Triangle-free Bridgeless Outerplanar Graphs

17 Mar 2020  ·  Ai J., Gerke S., Gutin G., Shi Y., Taoqiu Z. ·

An orientation of $G$ is a digraph obtained from $G$ by replacing each edge by exactly one of two possible arcs with the same endpoints. We call an orientation \emph{proper} if neighbouring vertices have different in-degrees... The proper orientation number of a graph $G$, denoted by $\vec{\chi}(G)$, is the minimum maximum in-degree of a proper orientation of G. Araujo et al. (Theor. Comput. Sci. 639 (2016) 14--25) asked whether there is a constant $c$ such that $\vec{\chi}(G)\leq c$ for every outerplanar graph $G$ and showed that $\vec{\chi}(G)\leq 7$ for every cactus $G.$ We prove that $\vec{\chi}(G)\leq 3$ if $G$ is a triangle-free $2$-connected outerplanar graph and $\vec{\chi}(G)\leq 4$ if $G$ is a triangle-free bridgeless outerplanar graph. read more

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Combinatorics Discrete Mathematics