Plurisuperharmonicity of reciprocal energy function on Teichmuller space and Weil-Petersson metrics

15 Jan 2019  ·  Kim Inkang, Wan Xueyuan, Zhang Genkai ·

We consider harmonic maps$u(z): \mathcal{X}_z\to N$ in a fixed homotopy class from Riemann surfaces $\mathcal{X}_z$ of genus $g\geq 2$ varying in the Teichm\"u{}ller space $\mathcal T$ to a Riemannian manifold $N$ with non-positive Hermitian sectional curvature. The energy function $E(z)=E(u(z))$ can be viewed as a function on $\mathcal T$ and we study its first and the second variations... We prove that the reciprocal energy function $E(z)^{-1}$ is plurisuperharmonic on Teichm\"uller space. We also obtain the (strict) plurisubharmonicity of $\log E(z)$ and $E(z)$. As an application, we get the following relationship between the second variation of logarithmic energy function and the Weil-Petersson metric if the harmonic map $u(z)$ is holomorphic or anti-holomorphic and totally geodesic, i.e., $$ \sqrt{-1}\p\b{\p}\log E(z)=\frac{\omega_{WP}}{2\pi(g-1)}. $$ We consider also the energy function $E(z)$ associated to the harmonic maps from a fixed compact K\"ahler manifold $M$ to Riemann surfaces ${\mathcal{X}_z\}_{z\in\mathcal{T}}$ in a fixed homotopy class. If $u(z)$ is holomorphic or anti-holomorphic, then the above equation is also proved. read more

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Differential Geometry