Model Order Reduction for Gas and Energy Networks

24 Nov 2020  ·  Christian Himpe, Sara Grundel, Peter Benner ·

To counter the volatile nature of renewable energy sources, gas networks take a vital role. But, to ensure fulfillment of contracts under these circumstances, a vast number of possible scenarios, incorporating uncertain supply and demand, has to be simulated ahead of time. This many-query gas network simulation task can be accelerated by model reduction, yet, large-scale, nonlinear, parametric, hyperbolic partial differential(-algebraic) equation systems, modeling natural gas transport, are a challenging application for model order reduction algorithms. For this industrial application, we bring together the scientific computing topics of: mathematical modeling of gas transport networks, numerical simulation of hyperbolic partial differential equation, and parametric model reduction for nonlinear systems. This research resulted in the "morgen" (Model Order Reduction for Gas and Energy Networks) software platform, which enables modular testing of various combinations of models, solvers, and model reduction methods. In this work we present the theoretical background on systemic modeling and structured, data-driven, system-theoretic model reduction for gas networks, as well as the implementation of "morgen" and associated numerical experiments testing model reduction adapted to gas network models.

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Optimization and Control Computational Engineering, Finance, and Science Numerical Analysis Systems and Control Systems and Control Numerical Analysis 93-04, 76N15, 93B20