Invariant measures via inverse limits of finite structures

24 Aug 2015  ·  Ackerman Nathanael, Freer Cameron, Nesetril Jaroslav, Patel Rehana ·

Building on recent results regarding symmetric probabilistic constructions of countable structures, we provide a method for constructing probability measures, concentrated on certain classes of countably infinite structures, that are invariant under all permutations of the underlying set that fix all constants. These measures are constructed from inverse limits of measures on certain finite structures... We use this construction to obtain invariant probability measures concentrated on the classes of countable models of certain first-order theories, including measures that do not assign positive measure to the isomorphism class of any single model. We also characterize those transitive Borel G-spaces admitting a G-invariant probability measure, when G is an arbitrary countable product of symmetric groups on a countable set. read more

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Logic Combinatorics Probability