Introduction to $\mathrm{G}_2$ geometry

28 Mar 2020  ·  Karigiannis Spiro ·

These notes give an informal and leisurely introduction to $\mathrm{G}_2$ geometry for beginners. A special emphasis is placed on understanding the special linear algebraic structure in $7$ dimensions that is the pointwise model for $\mathrm{G}_2$ geometry, using the octonions... The basics of $\mathrm{G}_2$-structures are introduced, from a Riemannian geometric point of view, including a discussion of the torsion and its relation to curvature for a general $\mathrm{G}_2$-structure, as well as the connection to Riemannian holonomy. The history and properties of torsion-free $\mathrm{G}_2$ manifolds are considered, and we stress the similarities and differences with Kahler and Calabi-Yau manifolds. The notes end with a brief survey of three important theorems about compact torsion-free $\mathrm{G}_2$ manifolds. read more

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Differential Geometry