Homogeneous quandles arising from automorphisms of symmetric groups

25 May 2020  ·  Higashitani Akihiro, Kurihara Hirotake ·

Quandle is an algebraic system with one binary operation, but it is quite different from a group. Quandle has its origin in the knot theory and good relationships with the theory of symmetric spaces, so it is well-studied from points of view of both areas. In the present paper, we investigate a special kind of quandles, called generalized Alexander quandles $Q(G,\psi)$, which is defined by a group $G$ together with its group automorphism $\psi$. We develop the quandle invariants for generalized Alexander quandles. As a result, we prove that there is a one-to-one correspondence between generalized Alexander quandles arising from symmetric groups $\Sf_n$ and the conjugacy classes of $\Sf_n$ for $3 \leq n \leq 30$ with $n \neq 6,15$, and the case $n=6$ is also discussed.

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Group Theory Geometric Topology