Gromov-Wasserstein Distances between Gaussian Distributions

16 Apr 2021  ·  Antoine Salmona, Julie Delon, Agnès Desolneux ·

The Gromov-Wasserstein distances were proposed a few years ago to compare distributions which do not lie in the same space. In particular, they offer an interesting alternative to the Wasserstein distances for comparing probability measures living on Euclidean spaces of different dimensions. In this paper, we focus on the Gromov-Wasserstein distance with a ground cost defined as the squared Euclidean distance and we study the form of the optimal plan between Gaussian distributions. We show that when the optimal plan is restricted to Gaussian distributions, the problem has a very simple linear solution, which is also solution of the linear Gromov-Monge problem. We also study the problem without restriction on the optimal plan, and provide lower and upper bounds for the value of the Gromov-Wasserstein distance between Gaussian distributions.

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