From Hammersley's lines to Hammersley's trees

10 May 2016  ·  Basdevant Anne-Laure MODAL'X, Gerin Lucas CMAP, Gouere Jean-Baptiste LM-Orsay, Singh Arvind LM-Orsay ·

We construct a stationary random tree, embedded in the upper half plane, with prescribed offspring distribution and whose vertices are the atoms of a unit Poisson point process. This process which we call Hammersley's tree process extends the usual Hammersley's line process... Just as Hammersley's process is related to the problem of the longest increasing subsequence, this model also has a combinatorial interpretation: it counts the number of heaps (i.e. increasing trees) required to store a random permutation. This problem was initially considered by Byers et. al (2011) and Istrate and Bonchis (2015) in the case of regular trees. We show, in particular, that the number of heaps grows logarithmically with the size of the permutation. read more

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