Flops and the S-duality conjecture

28 Jan 2016  ·  Toda Yukinobu ·

We prove the transformation formula of Donaldson-Thomas (DT) invariants counting two dimensional torsion sheaves on Calabi-Yau 3-folds under flops. The error term is described by the Dedekind eta function and the Jacobi theta function, and our result gives evidence of a 3-fold version of Vafa-Witten's S-duality conjecture... As an application, we prove a blow-up formula of DT type invariants on the total spaces of canonical line bundles on smooth projective surfaces. It gives an analogue of the similar blow-up formula in the original S-duality conjecture by Yoshioka, Li-Qin and G\"ottsche. read more

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Algebraic Geometry