A robust approach to sharp multiplier theorems for Grushin operators

23 Aug 2019  ·  Dall'Ara Gian Maria, Martini Alessio ·

We prove a multiplier theorem of Mihlin-H\"ormander type for operators of the form $-\Delta_x - V(x) \Delta_y$ on $\mathbb{R}^{d_1}_x \times \mathbb{R}^{d_2}_y$, where $V(x) = \sum_{j=1}^{d_1} V_j(x_j)$, the $V_j$ are perturbations of the power law $t \mapsto |t|^{2\sigma}$, and $\sigma \in (1/2,\infty)$. The result is sharp whenever $d_1 \geq \sigma d_2$... The main novelty of the result resides in its robustness: this appears to be the first sharp multiplier theorem for nonelliptic subelliptic operators allowing for step higher than two and perturbation of the coefficients. The proof hinges on precise estimates for eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of one-dimensional Schr\"odinger operators, which are stable under perturbations of the potential. read more

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Analysis of PDEs Classical Analysis and ODEs Functional Analysis