A Machine Learning Approach to Optimal Tikhonov Regularisation I: Affine Manifolds

12 Oct 2017  ·  De Vito Ernesto, Fornasier Massimo, Naumova Valeriya ·

Despite a variety of available techniques the issue of the proper regularization parameter choice for inverse problems still remains one of the biggest challenges. The main difficulty lies in constructing a rule, allowing to compute the parameter from given noisy data without relying either on a priori knowledge of the solution or on the noise level... In this paper we propose a novel method based on supervised machine learning to approximate the high-dimensional function, mapping noisy data into a good approximation to the optimal Tikhonov regularization parameter. Our assumptions are that solutions of the inverse problem are statistically distributed in a concentrated manner on (lower-dimensional) linear subspaces and the noise is sub-gaussian. One of the surprising facts is that the number of previously observed examples for the supervised learning of the optimal parameter mapping scales at most linearly with the dimension of the solution subspace. We also provide explicit error bounds on the accuracy of the approximated parameter and the corresponding regularization solution. Even though the results are more of theoretical nature, we present a recipe for the practical implementation of the approach and provide numerical experiments confirming the theoretical results. We also outline interesting directions for future research with some preliminary results, confirming their feasibility. read more

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